It Asset: How Vulnerable Are They to Cyber Attacks?

It Asset: How Vulnerable Are They to Cyber Attacks?

 By Charles Joseph | Cybersecurity Advocate
 Last update: November 25, 2023

An IT asset refers to any information or data that is valuable and owned by a company. This can include hardware like servers and computers, software like business applications, and information such as customer data or corporate strategies. The term can also encompass digital platforms such as websites and social media accounts. The effective management of these IT assets is crucial for a company’s operations and success.

It Asset Examples

1. Hardware

Hardware refers to the physical devices that a company uses to conduct its day-to-day operations. These devices are essential for a wide range of activities, from word processing to network communication.

The range of hardware used by companies can be vast, depending on the scale and the nature of the business. Common examples include computers, laptops, servers, printers, and routers. Further, even smartphones and tablets used for business purposes would qualify as IT assets.

These physical devices offer the foundation upon which digital operations run – whether it’s for creating documents, sending emails, accessing the internet, operating software, or storing data. They are pivotal to a company’s functioning, and hence, are considered valuable IT assets.

2. Software

Software refers to the programs and applications that a company uses for its business operations. Unlike hardware, software is not a tangible asset but it plays a nearly important role in facilitating various business functions.

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Software assets include both off-the-shelf products and custom-made applications. For instance, a company might use widely available software like Microsoft Office for their employees to create documents, spreadsheets, or presentations. On the other hand, they might also have custom software developed specifically for their own unique requirements.

Regardless of the type, the role software plays in a company’s operation is crucial. It allows employees to carry out tasks more efficiently and effectively, enables better communication, and helps in information management. Therefore, software is considered a vital IT asset for any business.

3. Data

Data represents a very important IT asset in any company. It includes any piece of information that the company collects and stores, such as customer details, transaction history, or financial reports. In the information age that we live in, data is regarded as one of the most valuable assets a company can have.

This data can offer deep insights about various business aspects, from understanding customer behavior to optimizing operations, devising marketing strategies or making financial forecasts. For instance, a company’s customer database can be used to identify spending patterns, which can then be used for targeted advertising.

Because of its integral role in decision making and strategic planning, data is considered an essential IT asset. Its management, including how it’s collected, stored, protected and used, is a crucial part of a company’s operations.


In essence, IT assets like hardware, software, and data are fundamental resources for any organization. Not only do they support daily operations but also provide insights for strategic planning, making them key contributors to a company’s overall success.

Key Takeaways

  • Hardware, including computers, servers, and routers, are tangible IT assets crucial for day-to-day operational activities.
  • Software, being programs and applications, despite being intangible, greatly facilitate various business functions.
  • Data, encompassing information collected and stored by a company, is considered one of the most valuable IT assets.
  • The management of these IT assets, including how they are utilized and protected, significantly impacts a company’s operations and success.
  • Awareness and understanding of these IT assets are vital for strategic planning and informed decision-making within the business.

Related Questions

1. What is IT asset management?

IT asset management refers to the set of business practices that involve managing and optimizing the procurement, deployment, maintenance, utilization, and disposal of IT assets within an organization.

2. Why are IT assets important for a company?

IT assets are vital as they not only support daily business operations but also offer strategic value by providing insights for decision-making, thereby contributing to overall business success.

3. What is a software asset?

A software asset includes licensed programs, applications, or systems that a company utilizes for its business operations, whether off-the-shelf products or custom-developed software.

4. Is customer data considered an IT asset?

Yes, customer data is indeed considered an IT asset. It offers insights about customer behavior and can help in improving operations, devising marketing strategies, and making financial forecasts.

5. Can mobile devices be considered as IT assets?

Yes, mobile devices like smartphones and tablets used for business purposes are deemed as IT assets, as they play a significant role in facilitating communication and other business-related tasks.

"Amateurs hack systems, professionals hack people."
-- Bruce Schneier, a renown computer security professional