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Business Continuity Planning

What Is BCP?

 By Charles Joseph | Cybersecurity Researcher
 Published on November 28th, 2022
This post was updated on November 25th, 2023

BCP stands for Business Continuity Planning.

It’s a proactive process that organizations implement to ensure the uninterrupted functioning of critical business operations during and after a disaster or any disruptive event.

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BCP aims to minimize downtime, financial losses, and damage to an organization’s reputation by identifying potential risks, assessing their impact, and developing strategies to maintain the continuity of essential services.

Key Elements of a Business Continuity Plan

Risk Assessment

Identifying potential threats to the organization, such as natural disasters, cyberattacks, or equipment failures, and evaluating the likelihood and potential impact of each risk.

Business impact analysis (BIA)

Assessing the potential consequences of each identified risk on the organization’s critical functions, determining acceptable levels of downtime, and setting recovery time objectives (RTOs) and recovery point objectives (RPOs).

Recovery Strategies

Developing strategies and procedures for restoring essential operations and systems after a disruption, including identifying alternate work locations, backup data storage, and emergency communication methods.

Incident Response Plan

Outlining the steps to be taken immediately after a disruptive event, including how to respond to the incident, assess the damage, and activate the business continuity plan.

Training and Awareness

Ensuring that employees are familiar with the business continuity plan, their roles and responsibilities during an emergency, and the steps they need to take to ensure the organization’s continuity.

Testing and Maintenance

Regularly testing and updating the business continuity plan to ensure its effectiveness and to keep it current with any changes in the organization’s operations, technology, or personnel.


BCP is a critical aspect of an organization’s overall risk management strategy, designed to safeguard its operations, assets, and reputation during unforeseen events or crises.

Business Continuity Planning (Video)

"Amateurs hack systems, professionals hack people."
-- Bruce Schneier, a renown computer security professional
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