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Secure Wi-Fi

How to Secure Wi-Fi (12 Suggestions)

 By Charles Joseph | Cybersecurity Researcher
 Published on November 22nd, 2022
This post was updated on November 25th, 2023

Securing your Wi-Fi network is essential to protect your devices and personal information from unauthorized access and potential cyber threats.

How Often do Hackers Target Wi-Fi Networks?

It is difficult to provide an exact frequency of Wi-Fi networks being targeted by hackers, as many attacks go undetected, and the rate of attacks may vary depending on various factors.

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However, Wi-Fi networks, particularly those with weak security measures in place, are attractive targets for hackers due to the relative ease of accessing them.

Hackers often target Wi-Fi networks to intercept sensitive data, compromise connected devices, or use the network as a gateway for launching other attacks.

Public Wi-Fi networks, such as those in cafes, hotels, and airports, are especially vulnerable as they are often less secure and used by many people.

The prevalence of Wi-Fi network attacks underscores the importance of securing your Wi-Fi network, both at home and in public spaces.

By implementing strong security measures, such as using strong passwords, enabling encryption, and keeping your router’s firmware up-to-date, you can significantly reduce the risk of your network being targeted by hackers.

12 Tips for Securing Your Wi-Fi Network

1. Change Default Login Credentials

Most routers come with default login credentials easily accessible to hackers.

Change the default username and password for your router’s administration interface to prevent unauthorized access.

2. Use a Strong, Unique Password

Set a strong and unique password for your Wi-Fi network to prevent unauthorized devices from connecting.

Use a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters.

3. Enable WPA3 or WPA2 encryption

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is the encryption standard for Wi-Fi networks. Use the most up-to-date version available on your router, which is currently WPA3.

If your router does not support WPA3, use WPA2 instead.

4. Disable WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup)

WPS can be convenient for connecting new devices but may be vulnerable to attacks. Disable WPS in your router settings to improve security.

5. Rename Your Network (SSID)

Change the Service Set Identifier (SSID) or the name of your Wi-Fi network to something unique that does not reveal personal information or your router’s make and model.

6. Disable Remote Administration

Many routers allow remote administration, which hackers can exploit to access your router settings. Turn off remote administration to prevent unauthorized access.

7. Update Your Router’s Firmware

Regularly check for firmware updates for your router and apply them as needed. Updated firmware often includes security patches that protect against known vulnerabilities.

8. Enable Network Segmentation

If your router supports it, create separate Wi-Fi networks for different types of devices (e.g., one for personal devices and one for IoT devices) to limit potential damage if one network is compromised.

9. Turn on the Router Firewall

Ensure that your router’s built-in firewall is enabled to protect your network from incoming threats.

10. Disable UPnP

Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a feature that allows devices to discover and communicate with each other easily. However, it can also expose your network to security risks. Disable UPnP in your router settings if it is not necessary.

11. Limit the Number of Connected Devices

Check your router settings to see the list of connected devices, and disconnect any unrecognized or unnecessary devices.

12. Regularly Monitor Your Network

Keep an eye on your network activity to detect any unusual behavior or unauthorized access.

How to Monitor Your Wi-Fi Network (5 Ways)

Monitoring your Wi-Fi network traffic can help you identify potential security threats, unauthorized access, or bandwidth hogs.

1. Router’s Built-in Monitoring Tools

Many modern routers come with built-in monitoring tools that allow you to view connected devices, data usage, and other network statistics.

To access these tools, log in to your router’s administration interface using your web browser and the router’s IP address.

Once logged in, explore the available monitoring options, such as device lists, traffic statistics, or usage graphs.

2. Network Monitoring Software

There are several network monitoring tools available that can provide an in-depth analysis of your Wi-Fi network traffic. Some popular options include Wireshark, PRTG Network Monitor, and GlassWire.

These tools can help you visualize and analyze network traffic, identify the devices consuming the most bandwidth, and detect unusual activity that may indicate a security issue.

3. Network Analyzers

Network analyzers, such as Kismet or NetSpot, can provide information about nearby Wi-Fi networks, including their signal strength, encryption type, and channel usage.

This information can help you optimize your Wi-Fi network settings and identify potential security risks from neighboring networks.

4. Packet Sniffers

Packet sniffers, like Wireshark, capture and analyze data packets transmitted over your network, providing detailed insights into the data being transmitted between devices.

This can help you identify potential security vulnerabilities, such as unencrypted data transmissions or unauthorized access to your network.

5. Parental Control Software

Some parental control applications, like Circle or Qustodio, include network monitoring features that can help you monitor internet usage on your Wi-Fi network.

These tools often provide usage reports and real-time alerts for specific devices or content categories, allowing you to identify potential issues and enforce usage restrictions if necessary.

Remember that monitoring network traffic may raise privacy concerns, especially if other users share your Wi-Fi network.

Be transparent about your monitoring activities and ensure that you are complying with local laws and regulations regarding network monitoring and data privacy.


By following these steps and maintaining a proactive approach to your home Wi-Fi network security, you can significantly reduce the risk of cyber threats and protect your devices and personal information.

Secure Your Home Wi-Fi Network (Video)

"Amateurs hack systems, professionals hack people."
-- Bruce Schneier, a renown computer security professional
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